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Law is defined as "the set of rules which govern human conduct in society, social relations", or more fully "the set of rules imposed on members of a society so that their social relations escape the arbitrariness and violence of individuals and comply with the prevailing ethics ".

Civil rights refer to the protections and privileges of fundamental freedoms granted to all citizens by law against all discrimination.

Fundamental freedoms, or fundamental rights, legally represent all the rights or freedoms essential for the individual, ensured in a rule of law and a democracy. They partly cover human rights in the broad sense.

In legal doctrine, the concept is relatively recent and there are several ways of understanding the ?fundamentality? of a right or a freedom. The very idea of ??fundamentality comes down to prioritizing and ranking rights or freedoms according to their essentiality.

Civil rights are granted by a nation to those who live under its laws, while human rights and natural law are universal, or should be according to many intellectuals.

The rule of law, norm of law or objective law is "the legally binding norm, whatever its source (legal rule, customary), its degree of generality (general rule, special rule), its scope (absolute rule, rigid, flexible...)".

These rules, called rules of law, are abstract and binding and indicate what "must be done". These legal rules may find their source in a "superior", external, transcendent normative source, such as natural law, or derive from intrinsic norms. In this second case, the rules come from established and accepted practices (customary law) or are enacted and enshrined by an official body responsible for governing the organization and progress of social relations (written law).

Natural law (in Latin jus naturale) is the set of modern theoretical standards taking into consideration the nature of man and his purpose in the world1. Natural law is opposed to positive law, and differs from the concept of natural law. In addition, natural law differs from natural rights: the latter refer to subjective rights, such as human rights. We speak of natural rights for them because we presume that these rights would come from human nature, and that they would therefore be inherent to everyone, regardless of their social position, their ethnicity, their nationality, or their nationality. any other consideration.

Human rights, also called human rights or human rights, are a concept that is at the same time philosophical, legal and political, according to which every human being has universal, inalienable rights, whatever the positive law (right in force) or other local factors such as ethnicity, nationality or religion.





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Author of the section

O.Romain.Jaillet-ramey

O.Romain.Jaillet-ramey

  • Firstname : Olivier Romain Luc
  • Lastname : : Jaillet-ramey
  • Arrived on tuesday 19 october 1976 (1976/10/19 00:00)
    44 years activity !

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